Sometimes musicians may find themselves in somewhat of a rut when it comes to practice. Younger beginners especially often must learn through discipline, encouragement and careful guidance how to develop practice habits and skills necessary to thrive in music long-term. Seasoned and beginner musicians can always benefit from guided encouragement. Often, creating goals or "Practice Targets" can help musicians with directing energies, efforts and motivation to practice through those inevitable bumps and challenges. Check out these three elements to include in your practice to develop stronger motivation and habits to keep going!
Practice Target #1: STRIVE! Reach for something beyond your current ability! This might sound counterintuitive but reach for something or set a “dream” goal to achieve something in your music that is beyond you now! To grow in music and life, we must stretch ourselves and move beyond where we are. This usually requires that we leave our “comfort zone” and with every step forward we take, there is a risk of failure; but failure is OK and part of the process! To learn and build new synapses in our brain, we must introduce challenges to foster growth. In music, this could mean finding a new piece that interests you that is slightly “beyond” your current ability. It means sight-reading something new or trying a new piece in that “easy” book of songs that turned out to be anything but “easy” to play! Is there a new scale, etude, or skill you have been putting off in “fear”? Is the thought of reading notes in a certain clef, playing a new piece in a new style, or singing a song in a foreign language something you have avoided? Pick one thing to “strive” for in your musical studies, and go for it! Be brave! Again, remember that failure is ok and will happen from time to time. It has been said that “music is not about being perfect all the time; rather, it is about practicing through all the ‘mistakes’ so what we are left with is something that has been “perfected”!
We learn from mistakes and from trying. Improved rhythm, styling, theory, and performance skills – so many things can be revealed and learned from striving to learn something beyond us. It always helps to have a teacher/mentor guide you as you look “beyond” your abilities. You may not “achieve” all you set out to do in this step, but if you are open to the process and give it your all, you will undoubtedly grow and move the needle beyond where you were before you began the process! One side note on selecting a new song, skill, or goal that stretches you: find something that is just beyond reach. Strive for something challenging, but your goals should ultimately be attainable, albeit with hard work and dedication. A simple example is if you’ve learned a scale in one octave, challenge yourself to do two or three or in compound meters, increase the tempo, and so forth. Make sure the goal stretches you but is ultimately attainable if you stretch yourself in practice. If you just learned a scale playing notes at 60 bpm, increase your speed within reason – don’t aim to play at 240 bpm right off the bat because that is far beyond your current ability! We’re aiming for just beyond, not impossible! In the field of education, this is what educators call scaffolding – a term coined by Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). As builders erect a scaffold around a building, floor by floor, and the walls of the structure rise higher and higher, so does the scaffold. The scaffold should stay in that “sweet spot” just within reach of the top of the building: something termed the “Zone of Proximal development”. Stay within the sweet spot, and incredibly tall structures can be built most efficiently. In music, if your musical goals (the scaffold) are just within a stretch of where you are, your “musical foundation” will keep growing! Stay in your “sweet” spot as you strive for something beyond, and seek the guidance of a trained teacher who is trained to help you develop this!
Practice Target #2: REINFORCE – Spread your wings within your abilities! Once you have your “STRIVE” goals set, find ways to reinforce all that you’ve learned and your current abilities in music. This could include finding new material or songs at your current level (finish learning those remaining songs in a songbook at your level!). If you’ve learned some scales, why not set a goal to finish learning the rest of your scales (use the Circle of Fifths to keep track!)? If you have already learned a piece or selection of repertoire these past months, why not find a way to share these by performing a “virtual” recital or performance? Make a video or audio recording just for yourself, or commit to sharing your music with others! If you’ve learned a piece by a Classical composer or Jazz artist, why not other pieces by other composers or artists in the same genre or category? I cringe inside when I hear a student claim they’ve already “learned Classical music” after learning a single piece by Mozart, or they have “mastered Jazz” after playing or singing just one standard by Duke Ellington or Ella Fitzgerald. You can hear composers across every genre, style, and period turning in their graves! Music has been around since the dawn of civilization, and any seasoned musician understands there is a vast repertoire and selection of material within every genre or style and often within the published works of individual composers or artists. You can spend a lifetime exploring and unpacking the works of Wagner or discovering the musical connections between Blues/Jazz and popular music today. There is plenty of music to explore -find something new at your level and dive deeper! Spread your wings and reinforce what you’ve already learned.
Practice Target #3: Don’t forget to RELAX! Celebrate your achievements and have FUN! Finally, don’t forget to relax and never lose sight of why you’ve chosen to learn music! Hopefully, there is an intrinsic reason or value your find your craft and the art of studying music. Don’t lose sight of this! Do you have a dream to perform on stage one day? Is playing the piano simply something you really enjoy doing to relieve stress and unwind after eight-plus hours of staring at the computer screen? Is singing your favorite tunes a way you connect with others? Is music something that helps you in a spiritual or meditative way? Whatever the case, don’t forget why you do what you do! I can’t tell you how many times I encountered students who were simply stressed and allowed this stress to carry into their musical studies. If you’re overwhelmed, ease up on the gas pedal and play through familiar pieces or songs that leave you fulfilled at the end of practice. There is a time to dig deep and chip away at the big goals, and there are times you need to just rest and relax in your music. Don’t forget your joy at the first stroke of the metronome! I remind ALL my students to strive to find a moment in every practice, rehearsal, or lesson that is rewarding and draws them into your music. I recommend starting practice/lessons with the “meatier” material and challenging repertoire first, then winding your way to a section or piece that is the sweet candy or “dessert”. End your rehearsal or lesson with a run-through of a familiar favorite or that moving passage, or that cheerfully light “duet” that leaves you with a smile. Yes, strive to become better in your craft and expand and reinforce your abilities, but never forget to practice music in ways that leave you wanting to do more at the end! Strive for something that stretches and grows you, build up and reinforce your abilities with the material at your level and end every music session with reminders as to why you love music!